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2011年广东高考英语真题试题阅读理解部分(1)

作者:上海火学网  发布时间:2012-02-15  来源:上海火学网

  2011年广东高考英语真题试题阅读理解部分(1)

  Ⅱ. 阅读 (共两节, 满分50分)

  第一节 阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  In the animal kingdom, weakness can bring about aggression in other animal. This sometimes happens with humans also. But I have found that my weakness brings out the kindness in people. I see it every day when people hold doors for me, pour cream into my coffee, or help me to put on my coat. And I have discovered that it makes them happy.

  From my wheelchair experience, I see the best in people, bur sometimes I feel sad because those who appear independent miss the kindness I see daily. They don’t get to see this soft side of others often, we try bevery way possible to avoid showing our weakness, which includes a lot of pretending. But only when we stop pretending we’re brave or strong do we allow people to show the kindness that’s in them.

  Last month, when I was driving home on a busy highway, I began to feel unwell and drove more slowly than usual. People behind me began to get impatient and angry, with some speeding up alongside me, horning (按喇叭) or even shouting at me. At the moment I decided to do something I had never done in twenty fore years of driving. I put on the car flashlights and drove on at a really low speed.

  No more angry shouts and no more horns!

  When I put on my flashlights, I was saying to other drivers, “I have a problem here. I am weak and doing the best I can.” And everyone understoof. Several times, I saw drivers who wanted to pass. They couldn’t get around me because of the stream of passing traffic. But instead of getting impatient and angry, they waited, knowing the driver in front of them was in some way weak.

  Sometimes situations call for us to act strong and brave even when we don’t feel that way. But those are and far between. More often, it would be better if we don’t pretend we feel strong when we feel weak or pretend that we are brave when we are scared.

  26. the author has discovered that people will feel happy when ______.

  A. the offer their help

  B. they receive others’ help

  C. they feel others’ kindness

  D. they show their weakness

  27. The author feels sad sometimes because ______.

  A. he has a soft heart

  B. he relies much on others

  C. some people pretend to be kind

  D. some people fail to see the kindness in others

  28. What did the other drivers do when they saw the flashlights?

  A. They speed up to pass.

  B. They waited with patience.

  C. They tried their best to help.

  D. They put on their flashlights too.

  29. In this passage, the author advises us to ______.

  A. handle problems by ourselves

  B. accept help from others

  C. admit our weakness

  D. show our bravery

  30. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

  A. A Wheelchair Experience.

  B. Weakness and Kindness.

  C. Weakness and Strength

  D. A Driving Experience

  B

  Can dogs and cats live in perfect harmony in the same home? People who are thinking about adopting a dog as a friend for their cats are worried that they will fight. A recent research has found a new recipe of success. According to the study, if the cat is adopted before the dog, and if they are introduced when still young (less than 6 months for cats, a year for dogs), it is highly probable that the two pets will get along swimmingly. Two-thirds of the homes interviewed reported a positive relationship between their cat and dog.

  However, it wasn’t all sweetness and light. There was a reported coldness between the cat and dog in 25% of the homes, while argression and fighting were observed in 10% of the homes. One reason for this is probably that some of their body signals were just opposite. For example, when a cat turns its head away it signals aggression, while a dog doing the same signals submission.

  In homes with cats and dogs living peacefully, researchers observed a surprising behaviour. They are learning how to talk each other’s language. It is a surprise that cats can learn how to talk ‘dog’, and dogs can learn how to talk ‘Cat’.

  What’s interesting is that both cats and dogs have appeared to develop their intelligence. They can learn how to read each other’s body signals, suggesting that the two may have more in common than we previously suspected. Once familiar with each other’s presence and body language, cats and dogs can play together, greet each other nose to nose, and enjoy sleeping together on the sofa. They can easily share the same water bowl and in some cases groom (梳理) each other.

  The significance of the research on cats and dogs may go beyond pets ─ to people who don’t get along, including neighbors, colleagues at work, and even world superpowers. If cats and dogs can learn to get along, surely people have a good chance.

  31. The underlined word swimmingly in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______.

  A. early B. sweetly C. quickly D. smoothly

  32. Some cats and dogs may fight when ______.

  A. they are cold to each other

  B. they look away from each other

  C. they misunderstood each other’s signals

  D. they are introduced at an early age

  33. What is found surprising about cats and dogs?

  A. They eat and sleep each other.

  B. They observe each other’s behaviors.

  C. They learn to speak each other’s language.

  D. They know something from each other’s voices.

  34. It is suggested in Paragraph 4 that cats and dogs ______.

  A. have common interests

  B. are less different than was thought

  C. have a common body language

  D. are less intelligent than was expected

  35. What can we human beings learn from cats and dogs?

  A. We should learn to live in harmony.

  B. We should know more about animals.

  C. We should live in peace with animals.

  D. We should learn more body languages.

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